Effect of artificial natural light on the development of myopia among primary school-age children in China: a three-year longitudinal study
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Xiang-Bin Kong. Department of Ophthalmology, The Second People’s Hospital of Foshan, Affiliated Foshan Hospital of Southern Medical University, Foshan 528000, Guangdong Province, China. xiangbin_kong@sina.com


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Supported by Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (No.2019B1515120011); Medical Research, Foshan Health and Wellness Department (No.20220374).

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    AIM: To assess the efficacy of artificial natural light in preventing incident myopia in primary school-age children. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized control, intervention study. A total of 1840 students from 39 classes in 4 primary schools in Foshan participated in this study. The whole randomization method was adopted to include classes as a group according to 1:1 randomized control. Classrooms in the control group were illuminated by usual light, and classrooms in the intervention group were illuminated by artificial natural light. All students received uncorrected visual acuity and best-corrected visual acuity measurement, non-cycloplegic autorefraction, ocular biometric examination, slit lamp and strabismus examination. Three-year follow-up, the students underwent same procedures. Myopia was defined as spherical equivalent refraction ≤ -0.50 D and uncorrected visual acuity <20/20. RESULTS: There were 894 students in the control group and 946 students in the intervention group with a mean±SD age of 7.50±0.53y. The three-year cumulative incidence rate of myopia was 26.4% (207 incident cases among 784 eligible participants at baseline) in the control group and 21.2% (164 incident cases among 774 eligible participants at baseline) in the intervention group [difference of 5.2% (95%CI, 3.7% to 10.1%); P=0.035]. There was also a significant difference in the three-year change in spherical equivalent refraction for the control group (-0.81 D) compared with the intervention group [-0.63 D; difference of 0.18 D (95%CI, 0.08 to 0.28 D); P<0.001]. Elongation of axial length was significantly different between in the control group (0.77 mm) and the intervention group [0.72 mm; difference of 0.05 mm (95%CI, 0.01 to 0.09 mm); P=0.003]. CONCLUSION: Artificial natural light in the classroom of primary schools can result in reducing incidence rate of myopia during a period of three years.

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Hui-Min Cai, Meng-Yan Li, Yi Cao, et al. Effect of artificial natural light on the development of myopia among primary school-age children in China: a three-year longitudinal study. Int J Ophthalmol, 2024,17(5):924-931

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  • Received:September 03,2023
  • Revised:November 20,2023
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  • Online: April 24,2024
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