Small-diameter acellular porcine corneal stroma for peripheral corneal ulceration treatment
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Yan Cheng. Department of Ophthalmology, Xi’an No.1 Hospital, 30 Fenxiang, the South Avenue, Xi’an 710002, Shaanxi Province, China.


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Supported by Key R&D Plan of Shaanxi Province (No.2021SF-331).

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    AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of small-diameter acellular porcine corneal stroma (SAPS) for the treatment of peripheral corneal ulceration (PCU). METHODS: This retrospective clinical study included 18 patients (18 eyes) with PCU between April 2018 and December 2020. All patients had PCU and underwent lamellar keratoplasty with SAPS. Observation indicators included preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and transparency of SAPS. The infection control rate in the surgical eye-lesion area was also calculated. RESULTS: Eighteen patients underwent lamellar keratoplasty with SAPS to treat PCU. None of the patients experienced rejection after 6mo (18/18) and 12mo (16/16) of follow-up. The BCVA (0.47±0.30) at the 6mo follow-up after operation was significantly improved compared with the baseline (0.99±0.80), and the difference was statistically significant (Z=-3.415, P<0.05). The BCVA at the 12mo follow-up after operation was not statistically significant compared to the 6mo (Z=0, P=1). With time, the SAPS graft gradually became transparent. At the 6mo (18/18) and 12mo (16/16) follow-up, none of the patients had recurrent corneal infection. CONCLUSION: SAPS is clinically effective in the treatment of PCU, improving the patient’s BCVA and reducing the incidence of rejection after keratoplasty.

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Tian Liang, Xia Wang, Jie Wu, et al. Small-diameter acellular porcine corneal stroma for peripheral corneal ulceration treatment. Int J Ophthalmol, 2024,17(5):831-837

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  • Received:March 02,2023
  • Revised:March 01,2024
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  • Online: April 24,2024
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