Discipline Innovation Team of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine(No.XKTD2022005)
With the prevalence of myopia in Asia, the prevalence of high myopia is gradually increasing, and high myopia has undoubtedly become a public health problem in Asia and even around the globe. As a relatively common pathological change in the eyes of patients with high myopia, optic disc tilt may also become a risk factor for diseases such as glaucoma and macular degeneration, thereby increasing the risk of visual impairment. However, the mechanism of optic disc tilt in high myopia and the role of optic disc tilt in the aggravation of high myopia complications still needs to be further explored. Therefore, this article collects and organizes relevant literatures on optic disc tilt, and makes a comprehensive discussion on the mechanism of optic disc shape changing caused by high myopia and the impact on various complications, so as to provide a certain basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment of high myopia and its complications.